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Laparoscopic appendicectomy is a favorable alternative for complicated appendicitis in children

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Author(s): Deepak J | Agarwal Prakash | Bagdi R | Balagopal S | Madhu R | Balamourougane P | Khanday Zaffer

Journal: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
ISSN 0971-9261

Volume: 13;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 97;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Complicated appendicitis | laparoscopic appendicectomy | open appendicectomy

ABSTRACT
Aim: To evaluate the role of laparoscopy in complicated appendicitis in children. Materials and Methods: A total of 119 children were operated for appendicitis between October 2005 and May 2008 at SRMC, Chennai. Forty-one patients underwent open appendicectomy (OA), and 71 patients underwent laparoscopic appendicectomy (LA). Twenty-six cases among the LA group and 16 among the OA group had complicated appendicitis. Twenty-six cases were completed laparoscopically, and 2 needed conversion to OA. Results: Out of 26 patients in the LA group, 23 made an uneventful recovery without any complications. One had minor port site infection, and 2 had prolonged loose stools. Out of 16 in the OA group, 7 had complications. Three had wound infection, 2 had loose stools, 1 had fecal fistula and another required subsequent surgeries. Operative duration in LA was 86.7 min (range: 75 to 120 min) and 90.3 min (range: 70 to 150 min) in OA. Oral feed resumption in LA was done at average of 2.7 days and in OA at 4.3 days. IV antibiotics were administered for an average of 3.6 days in LA and 4.8 days in OA, parenteral analgesic for 2.7 days in LA and 4.2 days in OA. The length of hospital stay was 5.4 days in LA and 7.3 days in OA. Conclusion: LA is a favorable alternative in children with complicated appendicitis in view of less postoperative pain, fewer postoperative complications and quicker return to normal activity.
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