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LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

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Author(s): MUHAMMAD AKRAM

Journal: The Professional Medical Journal
ISSN 1024-8919

Volume: 16;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 221;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy | H.T.N | D.M ac. Cholecystitis | cirrhosis | advanced age

ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine the frequency of bleeding, surgical site infection and common bile duct injury after laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in patients with co-morbidity. Study design: Descriptive study. (Case series). Setting: Department of Allied & D.H.Q hospital Faisalabad. Period: July 2006 to December 2007. Patients and Methods: It comprised of 30 consecutive patients of cholelithiasis with co-morbidity presenting in surgical department. Patients having uncontrolled hypertension, chronic obstructive airway disease and malignancy were excluded. Detailed history and physical examination was carried out as per protocol. It was followed up by relevant investigations. All the cases underwent laparoscopic cholecstectomy. Results: The age of the patients ranged from 23-68 y, with mean age of 40-56 y. Among these 14 cases were having D.M (46.66 %), 06 patients were cirrhotic (20%), 06 patients had acute cholecystitis (20%), 02 patients were having H.T.N (6.6%), and 02 patients were >70 years (6.6%). All the patients were females. Out of diabetic patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, SSI was noted in 02 ( 6.66%) patients. While mild postoperative bleeding was noted in 01 (16.6%) of cirrhotic patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. No untoward event was noted in patients with H.T.N ac. Cholecystitis & advanced age. Conclusion: In high risk patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, very few complications were noted. Postoperatively. Morbidity following above procedure was quite low as compared to conventional one. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy should be the preferred option in high risk patients for better outcome.
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