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LDPC-Coded OFDM Transmission Based on Adaptive Power Weights in Cognitive Radio Systems

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Author(s): Seyed Eman Mahmoodi | Bahman Abolhassani

Journal: International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences
ISSN 1913-3715

Volume: 04;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 761;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Cognitive Radio | OFDM | LDPC | Interference | Power Weighting

ABSTRACT
In this paper, we propose a new scheme to improve the performance of an LDPC-coded OFDM based cognitive radio (CR) link by applying adaptive power weights. To minimize estimation errors of detected signals in all the CR subcarriers, power weights are allocated to the CR subcarriers at the secondary transmitter. Some constraints for the power weights are considered, such as keeping the interference power introduced by the CR to primary users below a given interference threshold and also keeping sum of transmission powers in all CR subcarriers within a total transmission power. The LDPC decoder applies these power weights in the Log Likelihood Ratios (LLRs) used in message passing scheme at the secondary receiver to achieve more reliable communications. So, the received signal in each CR subcarrier will be decoded with the knowledge of transmission power weights, which come from the cognitive feedback channel without additional cost. Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed scheme achieves a lower bit error rate and a higher transmission rate compared with those of the same scheme without applying power weights.
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