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A LEACH-Head Expected Frequency Appraisal Algorithm for Water-Environment Monitoring Networks

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Author(s): Chenmin Li | Guoping Tan | Jingyu Wu | Zhen Zhang | Lizhong Xu

Journal: International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences
ISSN 1913-3715

Volume: 04;
Issue: 09;
Start page: 562;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: WSN | LEACH Protocol | Cluster-Head Selection | Water-Environment Monitoring

ABSTRACT
Water-environment monitoring network (WMN) is a wireless sensor network based real-time system, which collects, transmits, analyzes and processes water-environment parameters in large area. Both cluster selection mechanisms and energy saving strategies play an important role on designing network routing protocols for the WMN. Since those existing routing algorithms can not be used directly in the WMN, we thus propose an improved version of LEACH, a LEACH-Head Expected Frequency Appraisal (LEACH-HEFA) algorithm, for the WMN in this paper. Simulation results show that the LEACH-HEFA can balance the energy consumption of nodes, rationalize the clustering process and prolong the network lifetime significantly in the WMN. It indicates that the LEACH-HEFA is suitable to the WMN.

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