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Leakage Power Reduction Techniques of 55 nm SRAM Cells

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Author(s): Zhang Li-Jun | Wu Chen | Ma Ya-Qi | Zheng Jian-Bin | Mao Ling-Feng

Journal: IETE Technical Review
ISSN 0256-4602

Volume: 28;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 135;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Bitline floating | Body biasing | Dynamic VDD | Low power design | Negative wordline | Source biasing | SRAM

ABSTRACT
As the technology scales down to 90 nm and below, static random access memory (SRAM) standby leakage power is becoming one of the most critical concerns for low power applications. In this article, we review three major leakage current components of SRAM cells and also discuss some of the leakage current reduction techniques including body biasing, source biasing, dynamic VDD, negative wordline, and bitline floating schemes. All of them are achieved by controlling different terminal voltages of the SRAM cell in standby mode. On the other hand, performance loss occurs simultaneously with leakage saving. To validate the effectiveness of low power techniques, the leakage current, static noise margin, and read current of SRAM cells, based on the UMC 55 nm CMOS process with leakage current reduction techniques has been simulated. The results indicate that by using the dynamic VDD and source biasing schemes, greater leakage suppressing capability, although with a higher performance loss, can be obtained. Therefore, the SRAM cell optimization scheme must consider the trade-off between power consumption and speed performance.
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