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LEARNING STYLES ADOPTED BY MEDICAL STUDENTS

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Author(s): Chinmay Shah | Naisargi Joshi | H.B.Mehta | P.A.Gokhle

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy
ISSN 2230-8407

Volume: 2;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 227;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Medical Students | learning style | Visual | Auditory | Kinesthetic | reading.

ABSTRACT
Learning results in gain of knowledge, skills and attitudes. Some like to learn by seeing, some by hearing and some by demonstration. Learning style influences the retention of information and depth of comprehension. Understanding their preferred learning styles as visual, auditory, read-write or kinesthetic learners will help improve the teaching methods adopted. Role of the educator necessitates making the most of each teaching opportunity by understanding the characteristics of the learning audience and incorporating demonstrated principles of adult educational design, with a focus on collaborative learning and variety in presentation techniques. The goal is to provide student oriented education, producing efficient doctors. A cross-sectional study among 92 medical students of the Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, conducted in 2009. VARK questionnaire was used to access their learning preference. Preference for different learning styles were, visual (V) 1.08%, auditory (A) 20.65%, reading/writing (R) 2.17% and kinesthetic (K) 17.39%. 41.30% of the total 92 students preferred a single mode of information presentation. Of the 92 students who preferred multiple modes of information presentation, some preferred two modes (bimodal, 31.52%), some preferred three modes (tri-modal, 27.13%), and only one student preferred quadri-modal.
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