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Leveraging Advances in Mobile Broadband Technology to Improve Environmental Sustainability

Author(s): Shailey Gulati

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Research
ISSN 2319-6890

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 68;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: network topology | video conferencing

Advances in mobile access broadband technology have a high potential to improve environmental sustainability both directly by enabling novel network deployment concepts and indirectly by changing the way people live and work. In this paper, improvements of the network topology enabled by broadband access are investigated. It is shown that a joint deployment of macro- and publicly accessible residential picocells can reduce the total energy consumption by up to 70% in urban areas. In addition the high potential of indirect effects of improving telecommunication networks, such as enabling teleworkingand replacing business travel through video conferencing, is demonstrated and compared with the direct effects.
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