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LIBERAL THOUGHT IN QUR’ANIC STUDIES: Tracing Humanistic Approach to Sacred Text in Islamic Scholarship

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Author(s): M. Nur Kholis Setiawan

Journal: Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies
ISSN 0126-012X

Volume: 45;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 2;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Literary approach to the Qur’an developed by al-Khuli created deep critiques from its opponents, in whose opinion, the usage of literary paradigm to the study of the Qur’an, according to them, implied a consequence of treating the Qur’an as a human text which clearly indicates a strong influence of a liberal mode of thinking that goes out of the line of the Qur’an’s spirit. This article shows a diametric fact compared to that they have claimed. The data proves that linguistic aspects of the Qur’an have succeeded in making an intellectual connection among progressive and liberal scholars in the classical and modern era. This supports the assumption that progressive and liberal thought whose one of its indicators is freedom of thought in accordance to Charles Kurzman term, is “children” of the Islamic civilization. Freedom of thought in the classical Islamic scholarship should be the élan of intellectualism including the field of Qur’anic studies.
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