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Life expectancy with perioperative chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma

Author(s): Sadighi S | Mohagheghi MA | Haddad P | Omranipoor R | Moosavi Jarrahi AR | Meemari F | Raafat J | Abdi Rad A | Khatib Simnani R | Shahriyaran S | Shahbazkhani B | Khalili N

Journal: Tehran University Medical Journal
ISSN 1683-1764

Volume: 66;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 664;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Cisplatin | docetaxel | gastric carcinoma | chemoradiotherapy

"nBackground: Although postoperative chemoradiotherapy should be considered for all patients at high risk for recurrence of adenocarcinoma of the stomach, curative surgery occurs in less than 50% of nonmetastatic gastric cancers. A regimen of docetaxel, cisplatin and infusional fluorouracil improves survival of patients with incurable locally-advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. So we assessed the perioperative regimen of docetaxel, cisplatin and infusions 5FU (TCF) and postoperative chemoradiotherapy to improve outcomes in patients with potentially resectable gastric adenocarcinoma. "nMethods: Between March 2005 and March 2008, we 100 enrolled patients with stage II to IV (M0) adenocarcinoma of the stomach who had not been treated previously. Treatment consisted of three preoperative and one postoperative cycles of TCF followed by chemoradiotherapy. The primary end point was overall survival. The secondary end points were progression-free survival and toxicity of treatment. "nResults: A total of 100 patients participated, 83 of whom received neoadjuvant and 17 received adjuvant chemotherapy. Seventy-five patients underwent at least D0 gastrectomy. After chemotherapy, tumor stages were significantly lower than before beginning the protocol. Out of 100 patients, 44 had stage IV before chemotherapy versus 15 after the treatment. Three patients showed complete pathologic response. The median survival time was 25 months. "nConclusion: Docetaxel, cisplatin and 5FU combination chemotherapy is an active preoperative treatment in locally advanced gastric cancer. Perioperative chemoradio-therapy should be considered as an option to lengthen patient survival.
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