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The Limits and Possibilities of Ethnic Entrepreneurship: The Case of ICT Firms in Sweden

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Author(s): Jonathan Michael Feldman

Journal: International Journal of Multicultural Societies
ISSN 1817-4574

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 84;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: ethnic entrepreneurship | qualified migrant workers | migrant entrepreneurs

ABSTRACT
This study explores the limits and possibilities of ethnic entrepreneurship by looking at ethnic entrepreneurs in the Swedish ICT sector. The focus is on why and how people with immigrant backgrounds enter the high-technology workforce. I discuss how ethnicity, discrimination or “outsider” status shape business development and whether ethnicity influences the hiring of co-workers. “Ethnic resources” sometimes provide transnational corporate links among co-ethnics, but “class resources” are often decoupled from systems to extend ethnic employment. Ethnic and class resources, together with outsider status, can promote entrepreneurial options. Yet not all firms value ethnic resources as opposed to class resources when recruiting employees. Consequently, it is often difficult to find ethnic entrepreneurship generating many qualified jobs for workers of immigrant background.
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