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Linguistic and figurative patterns in natural Language data Linguistic and figurative patterns in natural Language data

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Author(s): Alice Deignan

Journal: Ilha do Desterro
ISSN 0101-4846

Issue: 53;
Start page: 095;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: metaphor | corpus | fixed expressions

ABSTRACT
The analysis of corpus data can reveal features of language use not available to unaided intuition. At the detailed level of collocation and lexical grammar, corpus data show features that are apparently specific to literal uses of words and to different types of non-literal uses, such as metaphor and metonymy. These patterns are mainly consistent with categories developed by cognitive linguists. However, there are some more detailed features that are not explained by cognitive theory. These include the proliferation of semi-fixed collocations, speakers’ apparent acceptance of ambiguity, and the very specific evaluative meanings associated with many non-literal uses. The analysis of corpus data can reveal features of language use not available to unaided intuition. At the detailed level of collocation and lexical grammar, corpus data show features that are apparently specific to literal uses of words and to different types of non-literal uses, such as metaphor and metonymy. These patterns are mainly consistent with categories developed by cognitive linguists. However, there are some more detailed features that are not explained by cognitive theory. These include the proliferation of semi-fixed collocations, speakers’ apparent acceptance of ambiguity, and the very specific evaluative meanings associated with many non-literal uses.
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