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Liquid-crystalline nanoparticles: Hybrid design and mesophase structures

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Author(s): Gareth L. Nealon | Romain Greget | Cristina Dominguez | Zsuzsanna T. Nagy | Daniel Guillon | Jean-Louis Gallani | Bertrand Donnio

Journal: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
ISSN 1860-5397

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 349;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: hybrid | liquid crystal | mesogen | mesomorphism | mesophase | nanoparticle | self-organisation | supramolecule

ABSTRACT
Liquid-crystalline nanoparticles represent an exciting class of new materials for a variety of potential applications. By combining supramolecular ordering with the fluid properties of the liquid-crystalline state, these materials offer the possibility to organise nanoparticles into addressable 2-D and 3-D arrangements exhibiting high processability and self-healing properties. Herein, we review the developments in the field of discrete thermotropic liquid-crystalline nanoparticle hybrids, with special emphasis on the relationship between the nanoparticle morphology and the nature of the organic ligand coating and their resulting phase behaviour. Mechanisms proposed to explain the supramolecular organisation of the mesogens within the liquid-crystalline phases are discussed.
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