Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Lithography-Free Fabrication of Large Area Subwavelength Antireflection Structures Using Thermally Dewetted Pt/Pd Alloy Etch Mask

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Lee Youngjae | Koh Kisik | Na Hyungjoo | Kim Kwanoh | Kang Jeong-Jin | Kim Jongbaeg

Journal: Nanoscale Research Letters
ISSN 1931-7573

Volume: 4;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 364;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Subwavelength antireflection structure | Nanostructure | Thermal dewetting | Self-agglomeration

ABSTRACT
Abstract We have demonstrated lithography-free, simple, and large area fabrication method for subwavelength antireflection structures (SAS) to achieve low reflectance of silicon (Si) surface. Thin film of Pt/Pd alloy on a Si substrate is melted and agglomerated into hemispheric nanodots by thermal dewetting process, and the array of the nanodots is used as etch mask for reactive ion etching (RIE) to form SAS on the Si surface. Two critical parameters, the temperature of thermal dewetting processes and the duration of RIE, have been experimentally studied to achieve very low reflectance from SAS. All the SAS have well-tapered shapes that the refractive index may be changed continuously and monotonously in the direction of incident light. In the wavelength range from 350 to 1800 nm, the measured reflectance of the fabricated SAS averages out to 5%. Especially in the wavelength range from 550 to 650 nm, which falls within visible light, the measured reflectance is under 0.01%.
Affiliate Program     

Tango Rapperswil
Tango Rapperswil