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Lois et règlements sur la faune sauvage à Madagascar : Progrès accomplis et besoins du futur

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Author(s): Andrinajoro R. Rakotoarivelo | Julie H. Razafimanahaka | Sahondra Rabesihanaka | Julia P. G. Jones | Richard K. B. Jenkins

Journal: Madagascar Conservation & Development
ISSN 1662-2510

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 37;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: fauna | legislation | conservation | IUCN | CITES | exploitation | hunting | bushmeat | Madagascar

ABSTRACT
In many countries wildlife species are threatened by hunting for meat or collection for the pet trade. Wildlife laws which control where these activities can occur, limit the timing of exploitation, or provide strict protection for some species are therefore an important component of the conservation strategy. However it is important that these wildlife laws reflect the ecology and threat status of the species concerned, and that they are aligned with any relevant international conventions. In this article we discuss the legal framework for exploiting and protecting tetrapod species in Madagascar. We review the 2006 update to wildlife legislation with respect to international treaties, other national legislation and the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. We also present a summary of the different categories of hunting (sport, commercial, scientific, and subsistence) and the control of hunting in protected areas. Madagascar has a sound legal framework for the use and protection of wildlife and the classification of species into protected, pest and legally hunted is clear and mostly fits well with the species’ classification according to the IUCN Red List and CITES. A revision of the protected species list managed is needed however to (i) include marine mammals that are protected by fisheries law and the Convention on Migratory Species and to (ii) better reflect the rights of people whose livelihoods rely heavily on the income or protein derived from hunting animals. Renewed effort to communicate and enforce wildlife legislation is needed, especially regarding the illegal hunting and export of protected species. This would also support the ongoing initiative to expand the protected area system and could be integrated into a revised National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan that Madagascar should produce for 2011-2020 as part of its commitment to implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity.
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