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The Long-Term Effects of Chemo Radiotherapy on Oral Health and Dental Development in Childhood Cancer

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Author(s): SH. Najafi | Z. Tohidastakrad | J. Momenbeitollahi

Journal: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
ISSN 2008-2185

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Chemo Radiotherapy | Hodgkin Disease | Childhood | Dental Development

ABSTRACT
The improvement in survival and local control measures in children with neoplasm in the head and neck region may lead to increased iatrogenic adverse effects of treatment. The aim of this study was to report a new case of the long-term effects of chemoradiotherapyon oral health and dental development in a patient treated for Hodgkin’s disease at an early age. In this case report, a 26-year-old female is presented, who at the age of 5 years receivedchemotherapy and radiotherapy for Hodgkin’s disease in the neck region. The patient consulted the Department of Oral Medicine because of dental changes and tooth loss despite adequate dental care and oral hygiene. Clinical examination revealed loose teethand inflamed gingiva of the mandible, x-ray showed premature root resorption, V-shaped and shortened roots and alveolar bone loss. After examination, the patient was referred for extracting the mandibular teeth and then wassent to the prosthetics department. Therefore,in order to decrease dental treatment sequelae in patients who have had cured malignant disease, these cases should have life-long dental care and follow-up.

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