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Low-loss image compression techniques for cutting tool images: a comparative study of compression quality measures

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Author(s): Fabio Henrique Pereira | Elesandro Baptista | Nivaldo Lemos Coppini | Rafael do Espírito Santo | Ademir João de Oliveira

Journal: Exacta
ISSN 1678-5428

Volume: 8;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 225;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
This work accomplishes a comparative study between two distinct image compression techniques, namely the Lifting technique and the Principal Components Analysis (PCA), in order to determine what of these two approaches is more appropriate for cutting tool wear images analysis. Lifting and Principal Components Analysis were applied in original images of a cutting tool for producing a low resolution version, while keeping the more important details of the image. The low-loss image compression quality provided by these techniques was expressed in terms of the compression factor (¿), the Mean Square Error (MSE) and the Peak Signal-to-Noise Rate (PSNR) provided by the image compression process. The tests were accomplished using the high-performance language for technical computing MATLAB®, and the results shown that the PCA technique presented the best values of PSNR with low compression rates. However, with high values of compression rates the lifting technique gave the highest PSNR.

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