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The Lula Government’s First Year: The Difficult Transition

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Author(s): Sonia Fleury

Journal: Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals
ISSN 1133-6595

Issue: 65;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2004;
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Keywords: Brasil | política económica | política social | alianzas | acuerdos sociales

ABSTRACT
In this article, the author analyses the first year of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s Government and highlights the importance of this Government for the process of democratic consolidation in Brazil. The contradiction between maintaining an orthodox economic policy and the expectations of creating conditions for development and social inclusion have marked the first year of this Government, subordinating all public policies to the logic of controlling inflation, paying off public debt, and increasing credibility in the international market. The reality of this macroeconomic policy and the costs imposed on the Brazilian society reveal the discrepancies between the financial economy and the real economy. The public policies of the Lula Government have been marked by economic restrictions and conflicts between the different forces that make up the governing coalition. The Government introduced innovative measures with the creation of different channels of participation and social agreement. In 2004, the Government will have to confront the challenges involved in going from a monetarist policy to a policy ofdevelopment and distribution of income.
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