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Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Pediatric Epilepsy

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Author(s): R. Barikbin | A. Hekmatnia | R. Basiratnia | M. Farghadani | M. Mottaghi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Radiology
ISSN 1735-1065

Volume: 5;
Issue: S1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2008;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Epilepsy is a common neurological affliction of children. It carries an estimated annual incidence of up to one per 1,000, and a prevalence of up to 5 per 1,000 children. Children suffering from epilepsy have a significantly increased mortality rate. The major causes of death are the underlying cause of the epilepsy itself, associated neurological compromise, injuries, and status epilepticus."nNeuroimaging techniques have advanced the diagnosis, management, and understanding the pathophysiology of underlying the epilepsies. MRI is the technique of choice for investigation of patients with seizure disorders. MRI provides excellent anatomic information and tissue contrast, resulting in high sensitivity. MRI studies should be customized to answer the appropriate clinical questions. Functional imaging techniques including magnetic resonance spectroscopy and functional MRI are becoming increasingly important in the investigation and management of patients with seizures. These techniques permit noninvasive assessment of the epileptic substrate, functional status, ictal activity, blood flow changes, me-tabolism, and neuroreceptors. Application of these new techniques promises to advance our understanding and treatment of seizures in children. In this presentation we will address the MR findings of epilepsy in children.
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