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Making Sense of the ‘Agency Programme’ in post-Lisbon Europe: Mapping European Agencies

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Author(s): Helena Margaretha Ekelund

Journal: Central European Journal of Public Policy
ISSN 1802-4866

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 26;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: European Union | agencies | comparative public policy | non-majoritarian institutions

ABSTRACT
The institutional landscape of the EU has been transformed through the establishment of agencies and changes brought by the Lisbon Treaty. This article seeks to contribute to our conceptual and empirical understanding of European agencies post-Lisbon. It maps the current European agencies according to timing of establishment, size, functions, governance structures and financial arrangements, and discusses the findings in relation to studies and classifications of agencies in national settings. It shows that variations between different European agencies correspond to variations observed between agencies in national settings and argues that what is innovative is the political level at which they are created, not the agency type. Focusing on the functions, governance structure and financial arrangements of European agencies, it develops a classification model for European agencies. It concludes that there are four main types of agencies, distinguished by their formal functions and formal autonomy from the European Union’s core executive institutions.

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