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Management of Pulse Beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (F) Population by Nitrogen Based Modified Atmosphere

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Author(s): J.P. Ingabire | A. Hategekimana | K. Bhuvaneswari | S. Mohan | S. Ganapathy

Journal: Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
ISSN 2320-7078

Volume: 1;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 48;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Stored Pests | Modified Atmosphere | Control | Nitrogen

ABSTRACT
Callosobruchus maculatus (F) is a direct pest affecting stored green gram causing quantitative and qualitative loss. While other management methods have different side effects on the environment and human health there is a need of ecofriendly methods to manage the pests. Manipulation of the composition of the atmosphere to control stored product insects has a promising future. Studies were conducted to determine the effectiveness of nitrogen based modified atmosphere on C. maculatus population. The experiment consisted of two factors viz., Oxygen concentration (21, 14, 11, 8, 5 and 2% O2 with remaining percentage being Nitrogen) and exposure period (3, 5 and 7 days), designed in Factorial Completely Randomized Design (FCRD) with 18 treatments and replicated 3 times. The results showed that insect mortality increased by decreasing the O2 concentration or by extending the exposure period to low O2. In addition adult population decreased drastically with decrease in O2 concentration.
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