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Manganese-based Materials Inspired by Photosynthesis for Water-Splitting

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Author(s): Harvey J.M. Hou

Journal: Materials
ISSN 1996-1944

Volume: 4;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 1693;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: photosynthesis | manganese | photosystem II | artificial photosynthesis | semiconductor | Nafion

ABSTRACT
In nature, the water-splitting reaction via photosynthesis driven by sunlight in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria stores the vast solar energy and provides vital oxygen to life on earth. The recent advances in elucidating the structures and functions of natural photosynthesis has provided firm framework and solid foundation in applying the knowledge to transform the carbon-based energy to renewable solar energy into our energy systems. In this review, inspired by photosynthesis robust photo water-splitting systems using manganese-containing materials including Mn-terpy dimer/titanium oxide, Mn-oxo tetramer/Nafion, and Mn-terpy oligomer/tungsten oxide, in solar fuel production are summarized and evaluated. Potential problems and future endeavors are also discussed.
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