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Maria Bonita: cultivar de manjericão tipo linalol Maria Bonita: a linalool type basil cultivar

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Author(s): Arie Fitzgerald Blank | Evanildes Menezes de Souza | Maria de Fátima Arrigoni-Blank | José Welton Azevedo de Paula | Péricles Barreto Alves

Journal: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira
ISSN 0100-204X

Volume: 42;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 1811;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
'Maria Bonita' é proveniente do acesso PI 197442, do Banco de Germoplasma North Central Regional PI Station, EUA. É uma cultivar de manjericão de copa arredondada, pétalas róseas e sépalas roxas, indicada para o Nordeste brasileiro. Apresenta hábito de crescimento ereto, o que favorece a colheita manual e mecanizada. A produtividade média de matéria seca de folhas e inflorescências foi de 20,97 g por planta, 26,34% superior à testemunha 'Genovese'. Possui teor de 4,96% de óleo essencial, e rendimento de 1,18 mL por planta. Seu componente principal é o linalol (78,12%). Seu óleo essencial possui atividades antinociceptiva e antigiardial.'Maria Bonita' is derived from the accession PI 197442, from the Germplasm Bank North Central Regional PI Station, USA. It is a basil cultivar with a rounded canopy, rose petals and purple sepals, and it is indicated for Brazilian Northeast region. 'Maria Bonita' presents erect growth habit, which is an advantage for both manual and mechanized harvest. The average yield of leaves dry weight and inflorescences was 20.97 g per plant, 26.34% higher than the control 'Genovese'. It presents 4.96% essential oil content, and yield of 1.18 mL per plant. The major chemical constituent is linalool (78.12%). Its essential oil presents antinociceptive and antigiardial activities.

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