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Maternal Body Mass Index, Dietary Intake and Socioeconomic Status: Differential Effects on Breast Milk Zinc, Copper and Iron Content

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Author(s): Leila Nikniaz | Reza Mahdavi | Bahram Pourghassem Gargari | Seyed Jamal Gayem-magami | Zeinab Nikniaz

Journal: Health Promotion Perspectives
ISSN 2228-6497

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 140;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Breast Milk | Zinc | Copper | Iron | Infants’ growth | Socioeconomic groups

ABSTRACT
Background: As breast milk micronutrients content are essential for health and growth of the infants, this study was conducted to determine the breast milk zinc, copper and iron concen-trations and their possible correlations with maternal nutritional status, dietary intakes as well as socioeconomic status.Methods: Breast milk samples and information on maternal anthropometric characteristics and dietary intake were collected from 90 Iranian lactating women with 3 different socioeco-nomic status who exclusively breastfed their infants. Concentrations of trace elements were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Nutritionist III program, Multiple Re-gression and ANOVA test were used for data analyses.Results: The mean milk zinc, copper, and iron concentrations were 1.93 ± 0.71, 0.58 ± 0.32, and 0.81 ± 0.2 mg/l, respectively. In all three SES groups only zinc mean level was lower than the recommended range. A significant difference was observed in breast milk zinc, copper and iron concentration between high and low SES groups (Zn (P
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