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Maternal Ethnicity and Severity of Pre-Eclampsia in Northern Nigeria

Author(s): Attahir Abubakar

Journal: Asian Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 2040-8765

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 104;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Maternal ethnicity | severity of pre-eclampsia

Pre-eclampsia commonly occurs between 14-20 weeks. It accounts for 40% of maternal deaths, given the tendency toward and culture of early marriage in Northern Nigeria, the majority of those affected by this condition are teenagers. The aim of this is to determine the relationship between maternal ethnicity and severity of pre-eclampsia. Individual chart review was performed for women diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia; demographic data, Lipid profile, BMI, and Urinalysis were documented. A total of three groups of subjects were selected for the study, with 22 Hausa in Group A – 20 Kanuri in Group B and 19 Fulani in Group C. There is significant difference in the age at marriage of respondents with group C having a mean of 18.93±0.53 the gestation ages shows no significant difference between the three groups, the systolic and diastolic BP is significantly different between the groups with Group B having systolic BP of 178.67±6.3, with the highest value of systolic in Group C 128.23±4.8, the BMI among the three groups shows no significant difference, the edema is higher in group C with 3+ . The Hausa and Kanuri pre-eclamptic women demonstrated elevated values of triglyceride, serum cholesterol; pathological edema, increase in blood pressure and higher values of urine protein but this parameters are more pronounce among the Fulani pre-eclamptic groups this shows that, the pre-eclamptic Fulani women are more likely to progress to eclampsia than the other two tribes.
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