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Mathematical Simulation of Graphene With Modified c-c Bond Length and Transfer Energy

Author(s): P.A. Alvi | S.Z. Hashmi | S. Dalela | F. Rahman

Journal: Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics
ISSN 2077-6772

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 42;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Graphene | Tight binding approximation | Electronic structure | Transfer energy.

In nanotechnology research, allotropes of carbon like Graphene, Fullerene (Buckyball) and Carbon nanotubes are widely used due to their remarkable properties. Electrical and mechanical properties of those allotropes vary with their molecular geometry. This paper is specially based on modeling and simulation of graphene in order to calculate energy band structure in k space with varying the C-C bond length and C-C transfer energy. Significant changes have been observed in the energy band structure of graphene due to variation in C-C bond length and C-C transfer energy. In particular, this paper focuses over the electronic structure of graphene within the frame work of tight binding approximation. It has been reported that conduction and valence states in graphene only meet at two points in k-space and that dispersion around these special points is conical.
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