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Matrix Effects on the Microcystin-LR Fluorescent Immunoassay Based on Optical Biosensor

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Author(s): Feng Long | An-na Zhu | Jian-Wu Sheng | Miao He | Han-Chang Shi

Journal: Sensors
ISSN 1424-8220

Volume: 9;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 3000;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Matrix effects | Microcystin-LR | fluorescent immunoassay | optical biosensor

ABSTRACT
Matrix effects on the microcystin-LR fluorescent immunoassay based on the evanescent wave all-fiber immunosensor (EWAI) and their elimination methods were studied. The results indicated that PBS and humic acid did not affect the monitoring of samples under the investigated conditions. When the pH was less than 6 or higher than 8, the fluorescence signals detected by immunosensor systems were obviously reduced with the decrease or increase of pH. When the pH ranged from 6 to 8, IC50 and the linear working range of MC-LR calculated from the detection curves were 1.01~1.04 μg/L and 0.12~10.5 μg/L, respectively, which was favourable for an MC-LR immunoassay. Low concentrations of Cu2+ rarely affected the detection performance of MC-LR. When the concentration of CuSO4 was higher than 5 mg/L, the fluorescence signal detected by EWAI clearly decreased, and when the concentration of CuSO4 was 10 mg/L, the fluorescence signal detected was reduced by 70%. The influence of Cu2+ on the immunoassay could effectively be compromised when chelating reagent EDTA was added to the pre-reaction mixture.
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