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Mechanical and microstructural properties of a nickel-chromium alloy after casting process

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Author(s): André Rocha Pimenta | Marilia Garcia Diniz | Sidnei Paciornik | Carlos Antonio Freire Sampaio | Mauro Sayão de Miranda | José Maria Paolucci Pimenta

Journal: RSBO
ISSN 1806-7727

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 17;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: nickel | hardness | tensile strength.

ABSTRACT
Introduction: There is a growing concern on the development of adequate materials to interact with the human body. Several researches have been conducted on the development of biomaterials for dental applications. Objective: This study aimed to determine the microstructural and mechanical properties of a nickel- based alloy, after the casting process. Material and methods: The alloy was melted through lost wax technique and centrifugation, by using blowtorch with liquefied petroleum gas. To evaluate the mechanical properties, tensile bond strength and microhardness tests were performed. The microstructural characterization was performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Statistical analyses were performed on microhardness results, through Student t test. A program for digital image processing was used to determine the percentage of the existing phases. Results and conclusion: The tensile strength was higher than that reported by the manufacturer, 559.39±25.63MPa versus 306 MPa, respectively. However, the yield strength was slightly lower, 218.71±29.75 MPa versus 258 MPa, reported by the manufacturer. The microhardness tests showed about 70 HV, far above the value informed by the manufacturer (21 HV). It can be affirmed with 95% confidence interval that the casting process did not alter the material’s hardness. The alloy’s microstructure is formed by a matrix with dendritic aspect and gray color and a second white interdendritic phase with equally distributed precipitates as well as porosities. EDS tests showed that the matrix is rich in nickel and chromium, the interdendritic second phase is rich in molybdenum and the precipitates in titanium or silicon. The matrix represents 86% of the area and the second phase 12%.

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