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Mechanism and Growth of Flexible ZnO Nanostructure Arrays in a Facile Controlled Way

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Author(s): Yangping Sheng | Yang Jiang | Xinzheng Lan | Chun Wang | Shanying Li | Xinmei Liu | Honghai Zhong

Journal: Journal of Nanomaterials
ISSN 1687-4110

Volume: 2011;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Nanostructure arrays-based flexible devices have revolutionary impacts on the application of traditional semiconductor devices. Here, a one-step method to synthesize flexible ZnO nanostructure arrays on Zn-plated flexible substrate in Zn(NO3)2/NH3⋅H2O solution system at 70–90∘C was developed. We found out that the decomposition of Zn(OH)2 precipitations, formed in lower NH3⋅H2O concentration, in the bulk solution facilitates the formation of flower-like structure. In higher temperature, 90∘C, ZnO nanoplate arrays were synthesized by the hydrolysis of zinc hydroxide. Highly dense ZnO nanoparticale layer formed by the reaction of NH3⋅H2O with Zn plating layer in the initial self-seed process could improve the vertical alignment of the nanowires arrays. The diameter of ZnO nanowire arrays, from 200 nm to 60 nm, could be effectively controlled by changing the stability of Zn(NH3)42+ complex ions by varying the ratio of Zn(NO3)2 to NH3⋅H2O which further influence the release rate of Zn2+ ions. This is also conformed by different amounts of the Zn vacancy as determined by different UV emissions of the PL spectra in the range of 380–403 nm.
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