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Meiotic analysis in induced tetraploids of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf

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Author(s): Carine Simioni | Cacilda Borges do Valle

Journal: Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
ISSN 1518-7853

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 43;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Brachiaria | chromosome duplication | intraspecific crosses | meiotic behavior | plant breeding.

ABSTRACT
The meiotic behavior of three tetraploid plants (2n=4x=36) originated from somatic chromosome duplication ofsexually reproducing diploid plants of Brachiaria decumbens was evaluated. All the analyzed plants presented abnormalities relatedto polyploidy, such as irregular chromosome segregation, leading to precocious chromosome migration to the poles and micronucleiduring both meiotic divisions. However, the abnormalities observed did not compromise the meiotic products which were characterizedby regular tetrads and satisfactory pollen fertility varying from 61.36 to 64.86%. Chromosomes paired mostly as bivalents indiakinesis but univalents to tetravalents were also observed. These studies contributed to the choice of compatible fertile sexualgenitors to be crossed to natural tetraploid apomicts in the B. decumbens by identifying abnormalities and verifying pollen fertility.Intraespecific crosses should reduce sterility in the hybrids produced in the breeding program of Brachiaria, a problem observedwith the interspecific hybrids produced so far.

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