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La memoria vindicativa y sus usos. Monumentos a las víctimas de la violencia política en el Montevideo contemporáneo

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Author(s): Juan Andrés Bresciano

Journal: Confluenze. Rivista di Studi Iberoamericani
ISSN 2036-0967

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 202;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
The present article explores the relationship between the vindictive memory of some specific socio-historical groups (which has suffered the effects of several kinds of political violence) and the construction of monuments devoted to remember certain traumatic events of the past. Based on the analysis of a concrete case – the urban and commemorative spaces and symbols of Montevideo – this article examines the process of creation of those memorials for the victims of genocides, war actions against civil population, military repression against popular insurrections, guerrilla violence and State terrorism. This analysis considers the historical context in which the construction of every monument was approved, the social and political initiatives involved in their creation, the public debates they provoked, and the reactions they caused once they were finished. Keywords: memory, history, public monuments, political violence, Montevideo. El presente artículo explora los vínculos entre la memoria vindicativa de ciertos grupos sociohistóricos (que han sido objeto de diversas formas de violencia política) y la construcción de monumentos dedicados a preservar el recuerdo de eventos traumáticos. A partir del análisis de un caso específico –los espacios y los símbolos urbanos conmemorativos de Montevideo- se estudia el proceso de gestación de los memoriales que recuerdan a víctimas de genocidios, acciones bélicas contra poblaciones civiles, represión militar de levantamientos populares, violencia guerrillera y terrorismo de Estado. A partir del contexto histórico que origina a cada monumento, se profundiza en las iniciativas sociales y políticas involucradas, los debates concomitantes y las reacciones que generan una vez inaugurados. Palabras claves: memoria, historia, monumentos públicos, violencia política, Montevideo.
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