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Methodological issues concerning the development of sustainable industrial parks

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Author(s): Marian NASTASE | Catalina RADU (GHERASE) | Oana – Catalina TAPURICA | Florin TACHE

Journal: Economia : Seria Management
ISSN 1454-0320

Volume: 13;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 485;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: industrial parks | sustainable development | environment protection | environmental economics | environmental leaders | SME’s development | pro-active environment strategies

ABSTRACT
Nowadays, in order to make a sustainable economic growth possible, especially within manufacturing industries, with auspicious effects concerning the standard of living and the employment rates, the governments should develop and implement projects and strategies, aiming the transition towards knowledge-based economy. The entities that need investments the most are the countries which are crossing a development process, usually facing difficulties in developing a high-performance industrial sector. Under these circumstances, industrial parks prove to be important tools in order to ensure the competitiveness of the national industry. However, the more and more frequent relocation of industrial companies within industrial parks, as a consequence of amplifying the urban areas’ environmental regulations, is due to generate uncontrollable pollution centers, placed just nearby towns and cities, with highly destructive impact upon the environment. This article aims to describe and recommend several strategic options for developing sustainable industrial parks, focused on protecting the environment and promoting the “new economy’s” principles. Among the strategic options recommended, some of them are highly innovative, such as environmental benchmarking or environmental leadership.

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