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Mevlâna Celaleddin Rumi ve La Fontaine’de Hoşgörü Algısı
The Perception of Tolerance in Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Rumi’s works and La Fontaine’s works

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Author(s): Fuat BOYACIOĞLU | Serap ERDAĞ

Journal: Turkish Studies
ISSN 1308-2140

Volume: 8;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 325;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Rumi | La Fontaine | Fable | Mathnawi | Tolerance | Morality Mevlâna | La Fontaine | Fabl | Mesnevî | Hoşgörü | Ahlâk

ABSTRACT
Even if the tolerance concept is a universal value, virtue and amoral element, it may vary according to the culture and the geography.This notion forming the essential of many philosophical currents, socialmovements and human right studies throughout history, especially istreated in the literary works for centuries and is transfered to othergenerations as the fundamental feature of human relationships. In thisstudy, the “tolerance” perception of Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Rumi who isan Islam scholar and writer, and La Fontaine, who is a French storywriter and fabulist has been discussed. Rumi’s and La Fountaine’slives, ideas and the literary genres that they pioneer are dealt withinthis perspective. Jalal-ad-Din Rumi having an indisputable and greatplace in the Turkish Islam culture has been considered as the sultan oftolerance. Embracing all the humanity without any discrimination oflanguage, religion and race, he considers the tolerance as the highest ofthe virtues in all his works ,especially in his Masnawi. La Fontaine giveslessons of morality and tolerance with the animal affection to millions ofchildren and address to all world children by giving the morality in hisfables. The fables of La Fontaine include this universal identity andmany messages. Even if La Fontaine and Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Rumiwere living in different periods and different cultures, they resembleeach other because they oppose definitively to the rigidity, the violenceand the fanatism. Hoşgörü kavramı evrensel bir değer; bir erdem ve ahlâk unsuru olsa da kültürden kültüre, coğrafyadan coğrafyaya değişiklik gösterebilmektedir. Tarih boyunca birçok felsefi akımın, sosyal hareketin ve insan hakları çalışmasının temelinde yer alan bu kavram, özellikle edebi eserlerde yüzyıllar boyunca işlenmiş, insan ilişkilerinde temel şartlardan biri olarak kuşaktan kuşağa taşınmıştır. Bu çalışmada İslam âlim ve yazarlarından Mevlâna ile Fransız hikâyeci ve fabl yazarı La Fontaine’in “hoşgörü” algısı ele alınmaktadır. Mevlâna’nın ve La Fontaine’in hayatı, görüşleri, öncüsü oldukları edebi türler bu bakış açısı ile ortaya konulmaktadır.
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