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Microalgae as bioreactors for bioplastic production

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Author(s): Hempel Franziska | Bozarth Andrew | Lindenkamp Nicole | Klingl Andreas | Zauner Stefan | Linne Uwe | Steinb├╝chel Alexander | Maier Uwe

Journal: Microbial Cell Factories
ISSN 1475-2859

Volume: 10;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a polyester with thermoplastic properties that is naturally occurring and produced by such bacteria as Ralstonia eutropha H16 and Bacillus megaterium. In contrast to currently utilized plastics and most synthetic polymers, PHB is biodegradable, and its production is not dependent on fossil resources making this bioplastic interesting for various industrial applications. Results In this study, we report on introducing the bacterial PHB pathway of R. eutropha H16 into the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum, thereby demonstrating for the first time that PHB production is feasible in a microalgal system. Expression of the bacterial enzymes was sufficient to result in PHB levels of up to 10.6% of algal dry weight. The bioplastic accumulated in granule-like structures in the cytosol of the cells, as shown by light and electron microscopy. Conclusions Our studies demonstrate the great potential of microalgae like the diatom P. tricornutum to serve as solar-powered expression factories and reveal great advantages compared to plant based production systems.

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