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Microstructure and Electrical Properties of Mn2.25―xNi0.75CoxO4 Thermistor Ceramics

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Author(s): PENG Chang-Wen, ZHANG Hui-Min, CHANG Ai-Min, HUANG Xia, YAO Jin-Cheng

Journal: Journal of Inorganic Materials
ISSN 1000-324X

Volume: 26;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 1037;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: NTC thermistor ceramic; spinel; electrical property

ABSTRACT
A series of composite of the negative temperature coefficient (NTC) powders of Mn2.25―xNi0.75CoxO4 (0.8≤x≤1.2) materials were prepared via solid―state method. The particle size of calcined powders, ceramics phase structure, morphology and electrical properties were characterized by laser particle size analyzer, XRD, SEM and electrical measurements, respectively. The results show that when the Mn2.25―xNi0.75CoxO4 ceramics sintered at 1130―1230¡䪠their characteristic parameters B25/50 value are found to be in the range of 3487K to 4455K and their electrical resistivities ρ25¡䟡re 1998 Ω·cm to 203617 Ω·cm. The B25/50 value and ρ25¡䟦irst increases and then decreases as the Co content increases. This means that electrical resistivity and B value of Mn2.25―xNi0.75CoxO4 ceramics could be adjusted to the desired values and this ternary system can be considered as the advanced semi―conducting materials for NTC thermistor applications.
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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona