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Migration Matters in the Asia-Pacific Region: Immigration Frameworks, Knowledge Workers and National Policies

Author(s): Amarjit Kaur

Journal: International Journal of Multicultural Societies
ISSN 1817-4574

Volume: 9;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 135;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Asian migration | labour migration | Asia Pacific migration

In the past three decades the Asia-Pacific region has experienced amajor wave of immigration despite tighter migration policies andbetter border controls. Southeast Asia has been prominent in thischange, with some countries being important sources and destinationsof skilled and unskilled migrants. Australia has also increased itsmigration quotas, particularly the skilled migration intake. Theemergence of new regional migration patterns, the fast growth in thedemand for knowledge workers and skilled migrants in specificoccupational categories, and the creation of subregional labourmarkets are all manifestations of the scale and diversity of recentmigratory movements in the region. Key factors accounting for thesedevelopments include disparities in economic growth; income andpoverty levels between countries; labour shortages arising fromdemographic transformations; structural change in labour supply;and the role of social networks and the migration industry as driversof migration.
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