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Mining-induced land use and landscape changes in Roşia Montană metallogenetic field during the last 90 years

Author(s): Lucrina N. Ştefănescu, | Alexandru Ozunu | Şerban-Nicolae Vlad

Journal: Advances in Environmental Sciences
ISSN 2066-7620

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Mining landscape | land use | Roşia Montană | metallogenetic field

The paper analyses the changes in landscape induced by the occurrence of mining wastesstructures and exploitation voids, as a result of the mining activities in the last 90 years in Rosia Montanametallogenetic field. This is performed by comparing the land use distribution in the investigated area inthe years 1913 and 2006. The impact of mining on landscape reflects itself in the large areas no longerused as agricultural or forestry lands and in the visual footprint. The results of the comparison show thatthe practice of surface mining after the year 1971 has increased the scale and amplitude of landscapechanges along the time. The landscape changes are significant and should be carefully analyzed whenconsidering the post-mining planning.
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