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Mitochondrial protection by low doses of insulin-like growth factor-Iin experimental cirrhosis

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Author(s): Raquel Pérez, María García-Fernández, Matías Díaz-Sánchez, Juan E Puche, Gloria Delgado, Marian Conchillo, Jordi Muntané, Inma Castilla-Cortázar

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 14;
Issue: 17;
Start page: 2731;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Insulin-like growth factor-I | Cirrhosis | Mitochondrial protection | Caspases | Apoptosis | Oxidative damage

ABSTRACT
AIM: To characterize the mitochondrial dysfunction in experimental cirrhosis and to study whether insulin-like growth factor-I(IGF-I) therapy (4 wk) is able to induce beneficial effects on damaged mitochondria leading to cellular protection.METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into three groups: Control group, untreated cirrhotic rats and cirrhotic rats treated with IGF-Itreatment (2 μg/100 g bw/d). Mitochondrial function was analyzed by flow cytometry in isolated hepatic mitochondria, caspase 3 activation was assessed by Western blot and apoptosis by TUNEL in the three experimental groups.RESULTS: Untreated cirrhotic rats showed a mitochondrial dysfunction characterized by a significant reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential (in status 4 and 3); an increase of intramitochondrial reactive oxigen species (ROS) generation and a significant reduction of ATPase activity. IGF-Itherapy normalized mitochondrial function by increasing the membrane potential and ATPase activity and reducing the intramitochondrial free radical production. Activity of the electron transport complexes Iand III was increased in both cirrhotic groups. In addition, untreated cirrhotic rats showed an increase of caspase 3 activation and apoptosis. IGF-Itherapy reduced the expression of the active peptide of caspase 3 and resulted in reduced apoptosis.CONCLUSION: These results show that IGF-Iexerts a mitochondrial protection in experimental cirrhosis leading to reduced apoptosis and increased ATP production.

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