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Mobility in the structure of E.coli recQ helicase upon substrate binding as seen from molecular dynamics simulations

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Author(s): Nishtha Pandey* | Savitha Govardhan | Ravi Kant Pathak

Journal: Bioinformation
ISSN 0973-2063

Volume: 7;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 371;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Helicase mechanism | Homology modeling | Molecular Dynamics simulations | Unwinding | Translocation

ABSTRACT
RecQ helicases feature multiple domains in their structure, of which the helicase domain, the RecQ-Ct domain and the HRDC domains are well conserved among the SF2 helicases. The helicase domain and the RecQ-Ct domain constitute the catalytic core of the enzyme. The domain interfaces are the DNA binding sites which display significant conformational changes in our molecular dynamics simulation studies. The preferred conformational states of the DNA bound and unbound forms of RecQ appear to be quite different from each other. DNA binding induces inter-domain flexibility leading to hinge mobility between the domains. The divergence in the dynamics of the two structures is caused by changes in the interactions at the domain interface, which seems to propagate along the whole protein structure. This could be essential in ssDNA binding after strand separation, as well as aiding translocation of the RecQ protein like an inch-worm.
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