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The model of post-socialist rural transition: openness and (un)learning versus informal relations

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Author(s): Garri Raagmaa

Journal: Dela
ISSN 0354-0596

Issue: 17;
Start page: 22;
Date: 2002;
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Keywords: agriculture geography | rural areas | regional development | Estonia

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to discuss development issues at the locality level.Below, we are working with the learning economy theory and the conceptof bottom-up indigenous development in combination with other approaches.The principal transformation model for the post-soviet rural areas furtherdevelopment is elaborated.The acknowledgement of local social networks is crucial, especially in economicallydecreasing areas. Innovation and development potential in ruralareas with primary sector dominance, where few service industries andjobs have been created, remain usually low. Improving infrastructures andcreating jobs by outside authorities (state subsidies) and enterprises onlywill not be enough for the sustainable economic development of a localityor a region.Besides, in the case of strengthening informal structures and behaviour,local (self)exclusion will tend to grow as a side effect in these areas. The(self)closeness of the society can be considered as an important impedimentto indigenous development.
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