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Modeled Surface Observations for Spatial Analysis of Landscape Dynamics

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Author(s): Manoel do Couto Fernandes | Tata Lacale Canal dos Santos | Pedro Henrique Ferreira Coura | Paulo Márcio Leal de Menezes | Alan José Salomão Graça

Journal: Journal of Geographic Information System
ISSN 2151-1950

Volume: 05;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 409;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: DEM | Modeled Surface | Landscape Change

ABSTRACT
Landscape dynamics is a geoecological characteristic that defines changes in a landscape spatial structure and function during an established time scale. In this kind of analysis, geoprocessing is an essential tool, because it combines several technologies that help in this work. However, the majority of landscape dynamic investigations do not consider the dimensionality of the data and the information to be used, which is projected not measured from modeled (real) surface observations, and presents underestimated results, mainly in irregular relief landscapes. Considering that, this paper intends to assess the difference between observations on modeled and planimetric surfaces on the interpretation of landscape dynamics. The study was conducted in the massif of Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) using land use and soil cover maps of different times and a digital elevation models (DEM) generated based on a triangular irregular. The results show an increase of dynamic areas values when observations were carried out on modeled surface, as well as the deforestation rate (17.57% or 0.13 km2/year). This survey showed higher values in comparison with observations on planimetric surface, characterizing more realistic interpretations of how the structural elements and analyses made from these are structured in the landscape.

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