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Modeling of Data Reduction in Wireless Sensor Networks

Author(s): Glenn Patterson | Mustafa Mehmet-Ali

Journal: Wireless Sensor Network
ISSN 1945-3078

Volume: 03;
Issue: 08;
Start page: 283;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Random Field Theory | Space-Time Behavior | Extreme Values | Data Reduction | Data Load | Mean Packet Delay

In this paper, we present a stochastic model for data in a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) using random field theory. The model captures the space-time behavior of the underlying phenomenon being observed by the network. We present results regarding the size and spatial distribution of the regions of the network that sense statistically extreme values of the underlying phenomenon using the theory of extreme excursion regions. These results compliment many existing works in the literature that describe algorithms to reduce the data load, but lack an analytical approach to evaluate the size and spatial distribution of this load. We show that if only the statistically extreme data is transmitted in the network, then the data load can be significantly reduced. Finally, a simple performance model of a WSN is developed based on a collection of asynchronous M/M/1 servers that work in parallel. We derive several performance measures from this performance model. The presented results will be useful in the design of large scale sensor networks.
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