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MODELING OF TRANSIENT HEAT TRANSFER IN FOAMED CONCRETE SLAB

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Author(s): MD AZREE OTHUMAN MYDIN

Journal: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology
ISSN 1823-4690

Volume: 8;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 326;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Foamed concrete | Thermal analysis | Thermal properties | Heat transfer | Elevated temperatures | Thermal conductivity

ABSTRACT
This paper reports the basis of one-dimensional Finite Difference method to obtain thermal properties of foamed concrete in order to solve transient heat conduction problems in multi-layer panels. In addition, this paper also incorporates the implementation of the method and the validation of thermal properties model of foamed concrete. A one-dimensional finite difference heat conduction programme has been developed to envisage the temperature development through the thickness of the foamed concrete slab, based on an initial estimate of the thermal conductivity-temperature relationship as a function of porosity and radiation within the voids. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by comparing predicted and experimental temperature profiles obtained from small scale heat transfer test on foamed concrete slabs, so that the temperature history of the specimen calculated by the programme closely matches those recorded during the experiment. Using the thermal properties of foamed concrete, the validated heat transfer program predicts foamed concrete temperatures in close agreement with experimental results obtained from a number of high temperature tests. The proposed numerical and thermal properties are simple yet efficient and can be utilised to aid manufacturers to develop their products without having to conduct numerous large-scale fire tests.
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