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MODELLING OF ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SUPPLY SOURCES

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Author(s): M. Petkov | D. Markova | St. Platikanov

Journal: Contemporary Materials
ISSN 1986-8669

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 171;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: electrical characteristics | single-diode model | modelling | efficiency

ABSTRACT
The photovoltaic (PV) generators are a major element of PV power systems, characterized by a low conversion ratio. This accounts for the necessity to study the current-voltage and power-voltage characteristics of PV sources in order to obtain maximum power output when there are changes both in the modules themselves and in the environment where they operate. In this paper the classical and the modified single-diode models have been used to model the electrical characteristics of PV cells and modules. Mathcad software package has been used for the modelling. The impact of solar radiation, temperature and shading both on electrical characteristics and on the PV cells and modules efficiency has been studied.
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