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Modern Fiber Optic Submarine Cable Telecommunication Systems Planning for Explosive Bandwidth Needs at Different Deployment Depths

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Author(s): Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed

Journal: International Journal of Basics and Applied Science
ISSN 2301-4458

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 180;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Polymeric cable material | Giga bit applications | Explosive bandwidth | Effective area | and Global communications

ABSTRACT
The explosive bandwidth needs, especially in the inter data center market, have pushed transmission data rates to 100 Gbit/sec and beyond. Current terrestrial fibers are inadequate for long haul, high bandwidth deployments. To solve these problems a new fiber is introduced for terrestrial high bandwidth deployments: different polymeric core fibers with enlarged effective area with a significant optical signal to noise ratio improvement over other conventional terrestrial single mode fibers. To ensure the new fiber may be deployed robustly a new coating structure was employed. A rigorous cable structure was then chosen for evaluation. Based on experimental data, both the deep ocean water temperature and pressure are tailored as functions of the water depth. As well as the product of the transmitted bit rate and the repeater spacing is processed over wide ranges of the affecting parameters. It is taken into account the estimation of the total cost of the submarine fiber cable system for transmission technique under considerations. The system capacity as well as the spectral losses, and the dispersion effects are parametrically investigated over wide range ranges of the set of affecting parameters {wavelength, ocean depth (and consequently the ocean pressure and temperature), and the chemical structure}.
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