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Modern imaging of the tracheo-bronchial tree

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Author(s): Archana T Laroia, Brad H Thompson, Sandeep T Laroia , Edwin JR van Beek

Journal: World Journal of Radiology
ISSN 1949-8470

Volume: 2;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 237;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Computed tomography | Trachea | Bronchial tree | Airways | Advanced imaging

ABSTRACT
Recent state-of-the-art computed tomography and improved three-dimensional (3-D) postprocessing techniques have revolutionized the capability of visualizing airway pathology, offering physicians an advanced view of pathology and allowing for appropriate management planning. This article is a comprehensive review of trachea and main bronchi imaging, with emphasis on the dynamic airway anatomy, and a discussion of a wide variety of diseases including, but not limited to, congenital large airway abnormalities, tracheobronchial stenoses, benign and malignant neoplasms and tracheobronchomalacia. The importance of multiplanar reconstruction, 3-D reconstruction and incorporation of dynamic imaging for non-invasive evaluation of the large airways is stressed.
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