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Modification and tuning of diesel bus engine for biogas electricity production

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Author(s): Sittiboon Siripornakarachai

Journal: Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology
ISSN 1905-7873

Volume: 1;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 194;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Modification engine | Engine for electricity | Biogas engine | Engine for biogas | Gas engines

ABSTRACT
This study is to convert and tune a bus diesel engine for electricity production in a farm using biogas as fuel. The engine under study is a Hino K-13CTI 13,000 cc 24 valve turbocharged engine coupled to a 3 phase 4 pole induction motor to produce electricity at 50 Hz. Modifications include an addition of biogas carburetor for air-fuel mixing, replacing the fuel injection system with spark ignition system, reduction of compression ratio from the original 16:1 to 8:1 using a cylinder head spacer, and modification of the turbocharger waste gate so the boost pressure can be adjusted. When the induction motor is synchronized to the power grid, the running speed of the engine is 1,500 rpm. Optimal engine efficiency was achieved at 28.6% by setting the lambda factor at 1.097, ignition timing at 54o before top dead center, and the turbocharger boost at 56 kPa. With this setting, the generator power output is 134.20 kilowatt with emission of CO and NOX being 1,154 and 896 ppm respectively.
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