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Monitoring the Impacts of Drought on Land Use/Cover: A Developed Object-based Algorithm for NOAA AVHRR Time Series Data

Author(s): A. Mokhtari | S.B. Mansor | A.R. Mahmud | Z.M. Helmi

Journal: Journal of Applied Sciences
ISSN 1812-5654

Volume: 11;
Issue: 17;
Start page: 3089;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: NOAA AVHRR | spatial interpolation | SPI | drought periods | change detection | Land use/cover

This project was implemented on Zayandeh-Rud basin which is one of the most important and strategic regions of Iran. The main goal of the research was to monitor and evaluate the temporal land use/cover changes affected by drought episodes over a 10-year period (1992-2003). Primarily, raw weather data preparation activities were carried out to produce Standard Precipitation Index (SPI) spatial point thematic layer as a base map, then, satellite image pre-processing works applied on the remotely sensed data to generate the time series land use/cover maps. As a novel idea in this study, it developed a new object-based classification algorithm for AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) data. The model works based on the seasonal values of Normalized-difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) in the study area. The algorithm was statistically compared with maximum likelihood supervised classification method. Results demonstrated an increase in overall accuracy from 74.34 to 90.07% and the Kappa index from 70.58 to 88.8%. Based on the statistical analysis results, drought had not statistically significant effect on the land use/cover changes. Therefore, there are more important factors other than natural weather drought in the study area and these could be summarized as a term of disorder on land management in the Zayandeh-Rud river basin. Results of the investigation provide a scientific tool enabling governmental land and water managers to monitor, make decision and manage the water crises due to drought upon the catchment.
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