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MORPHOLOGICAL, ANATOMICAL, CYTOLOGICAL AND PALYNOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF TWO CULTIVARS OF ABELMOSCHUS MOSCHATUS (L.) MEDIK (MALVACEAE)

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Author(s): Dubey Kumari Priyanka | Datta K. Animesh | Mandal Aninda | Saha Aditi | Sengupta Sonali

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 670;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Abelmoschus moschatus | cultivars | characterization | tall branched type | dwarf unbranched type.

ABSTRACT
Seeds of 2 cultivars (cultivars I: seed moisture content 3.5%, 100 seed weight 1.94 gm ± 0.03, seed size 3.47 mm ± 0.08 × 3.20 mm ± 0.06; cultivars II: seed moisture content 1.5%, 100 seed weight 1.25 gm ± 0.01, seed size 2.92 mm ± 0.07 × 3.33 mm ± 0.03) of Abelmoschus moschatus (L.) Medik (Family: Malvaceae) were grown in the Experimental plots of University of Kalyani (West Bengal plain; 22°99´ N, 88°45´ E, elevation 48 feet above sea level, sandy loamy soil, organic carbon 0.76%, soil pH 6.85) during the rainfed seasons of 2009 and 2010 (July to December) and morphological (taxonomical details), anatomical (transverse sections of ovary, stem and root), stomatal, cytological (meiotic chromosome behavior) and pollen attributes (fertility, viability and acetolysis studies) were assessed. Results indicated marked differences between the cultivars and based on observations cultivar I is recommended as tall, branched whereas cultivar II as dwarf, unbranched types and the cultivars may further be explored for pharmacological research.
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