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Morphological and Molecular Identification of Colletotrichum acutatum from Tomato Fruit

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Author(s): Svetlana Živković | Saša Stojanović | Žarko IVanović | Nenad Trkulja | Nenad Dolovac | Goran Aleksić | Jelica Balaž

Journal: Pesticidi i Fitomedicina
ISSN 1820-3949

Volume: 25;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 231;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Anthracnose | Tomato | Colletotrichum acutatum | Identification

ABSTRACT
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Colletotrichum acutatum, Colletotrichum coccodes, and Colletotrichum dematium are the four main species of Colletotrichum that cause tomato anthracnose. In Serbia, the occurrence of anthracnose on tomato fruit has been recorded during the last several years. Typical fruit symptoms include dark, sunken, and circular lesion with orange conidial masses. Pathogen isolates were obtained from a diseased tomato fruits, on PDA medium forming a white to gray colonies. The cultures developed black acervuli around the center of the colony. Conidia were hyaline, aseptate, and fusiform or rarely cylindrical. Appressoria were smooth, simple, clavate to ovate, and variedfrom light to dark brown. Pathogenicity tests with representative isolates were conducted on symptomless, detached tomato fruits. All tested isolates caused anthracnose lesions on tomato fruit after 7 days of incubation. Koch’s postulates were fulfilled by reisolationfrom inoculated tomato fruits. PCR analysis (using species-specific primer pair, CaInt2/ITS4) of genomic DNA from tomato isolates resulted in an amplification product of 490 bp, specific for C. acutatum, further confirming the identity of the pathogen. Based onmorphological and molecular characteristics, the isolates from tomato fruit were determined as C. acutatum.

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