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Morphology of the bronchial tree of coati lungs (Nasua nasua, Linnaeus, 1966)

Author(s): Amilton Cesar dos Santos | Bruno Machado Bertassoli | Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira | Aline Fernanda de Souza | Ricardo Alexandre Rosa | Ana Flávia Carvalho | Celina Almeida Furlanetto Mançanares

Journal: Biotemas
ISSN 0103-1643

Volume: 24;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 75;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Alveolus | Bronchiole | Bronchus | Epithelium

The coati (Nasua nasua) is a diurnal, terrestrial and arboricola procionidae. It feeds extensively on the ground and uses trees to procriate, to sleep overnight and to take refuge. Its diet is omnivorous and it feeds on fruits, small vertebrates and invertebrates, nectar, eggs and vegetables. The aim of this work was to characterize microscopically the bronchial tree of the coati. Four coatis (two males and two females), fixed in formaldehyde solution 10%, were used from previous research conducted at CECRIMPAS – UNIFEOB (IBAMA-02027.003731/04-76). For this work, the tissue samples were embedded in paraffin by routine technique and processed for light microscopy in HE staining for analysis under a light microscope. It was found that microscopically, the bronchial tree of the coati is similar to that of other mammals described in the literature, i.e. it has great variations in its architecture, such as a reduced height of the epithelium which changes from ciliated pseudostratified in the larger bronchi to being cubic in the smaller bronchioles, an absence of cilia and glands in the smaller bronchioles, and a decrease in diameter and thickness of its walls.
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